• Amman Safeer

Bioinformatics And Python

The computational advancement in the data science resulted in the emergence of the field of Bioinformatics. Since the use of computational tools and using the specific programming languages, created the new horizons in the fields of molecular biology and health sciences. Biological programming is the new reality that has been revealed in the recent years which indicates its direction to the digitization of life. There are various languages which are implemented in the field of bioinformatics which program the algorithms used in the computational tools and biological problems to solve them.

Bioinformatics is an experimental and predictive field in nature, due to which its major goal is to define predictive methods that permit scientists to model the function and phenotype based on the genome sequence of an organism. Compiling genomic and biochemical data into quantitative and predictive representations of biochemistry and physiology will be the result of the enormous effort of computational biologists. And python is one of the most notable and excessively used language.

Python is an interpreted high-level programming language, which is rapidly growing nowadays. The main Python language advantages are that it is easy to read and easy to learn. It is easier to write a program in Python than in C or C++. An important advantage of Python language is that it has wide applicability, and is extensively used by scientists, engineers, and mathematicians. It is used in many ground-breaking fields. In Bioinformatics, python is extensively used for data analysis and development of tools.

Python is also a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It can be used as the primary language for the implementation of complete packages and applications that have the great advantage of platform independence.

In Bioinformatics we use the Python language because it now pervades virtually every domain of the biosciences, from sequence-based bioinformatics and molecular evolution to phylogenetics, systems biology, structural biology, and beyond.

Python has numerous notable libraries which makes it a powerful and a versatile computer language to implement it in the Bioinformatics and other disciplines e.g. Automation; this process ensures the minimum human assistance. Data analytics; to store, analyze, communicate, interpret and find the meaningful patterns in the data which aids in the decision making. Databases; these serve as the stored collection of the large organized data.

Documentation; the process of classifying and annotating texts. Graphical user interfaces; the interaction with electronic devices using the graphical icons. Image processing; digital image processing via algorithms. Machine learning; algorithms which improve through experience trained via sample data. Networking and Scientific computing; uses advanced computational abilities to solve complex mathematical problems.

Python is commonly used in artificial intelligence projects with the help of libraries like TensorFlow, Keras, Pytorch and Scikit-learn. As a scripting language with modular architecture, simple syntax and rich text processing tools, Python is often used for natural language processing.

Moreover, it is crucial for the bioinformaticians to learn python as a primary language, BioCode makes the important comprehensive tutorial videos which properly teach the essential functionalites of the python in the Gold and Gem Bioinformatics plans these plans teach from the basics to the professional level with exercises and evaluations.

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